Discipline

Human Values And Professional Ethics

 

Objectives of human values and professional ethics:

  • To understand the moral values that ought to guide profession and to find a
    solution to address moral issues in the profession
  • To justify the moral judgment concerning the profession
  • To foster a set of beliefs, attitudes, and habits that engineers should display
    concerning morality
  • To bring an awareness on human values and professional ethics
  • To encourage for inculcating the Moral Values and social responsibility
  • To follow the fundamental duties laid down by constitution of India
Human Values

Types of Values: The six core human values are:

  1. Right conduct
  2. Peace
  3. Truth
  4. Love
  5. Nonviolence
  6. Discipline
1.  Right Conduct:
Encompasses the following values such as
  1. Self – Help Skills: Care of possessions, diet, hygiene, modesty, posture, self reliance, and tidy appearance
  2. Social Skills: Good behaviour, good manners, good relationships, helpfulness, no wastage and good environment
  3. Ethical Skills: Code of conduct, courage, dependability, duty, efficiency, ingenuity, initiative, perseverance, punctuality, resourcefulness, respect for all, and
  4. Ownership: Ownership of the work
2.  Peace
Encompass the following values such as: Attention, calmness, concentration, contentment, dignity, discipline, equality, equanimity, faithfulness, focus, gratitude, happiness, harmony, humility, inner silence, optimism, patience, reflection, satisfaction, self – acceptance, self – confidence, self – control, self – discipline, self – esteem, self – respect, sense control, tolerance, and understanding.
3.  Truth
Encompasses the following values such as: Accuracy, curiosity, discernment, fairness, fearlessness, honesty, integrity (unity of thought, word, and deed), intuition, justice, optimism, purity, quest for knowledge, reason, self – analysis, sincerity, spirit of enquiry, synthesis, trust, truthfulness, and determination.
4.  Love
Encompasses the following values such as: Acceptance, affection, care, compassion, consideration, dedication, devotion, empathy, forbearance, forgiveness, friendship, generosity, gentleness, humanness, interdependence, kindness, patience, patriotism, reverence, sacrifice, selflessness, service, sharing, sympathy, thoughtfulness, tolerance and trust
5.  Non – Violence
Encompasses the following values such as:
  1. Psychological: Benevolence, compassion, concern for others, consideration, forbearance, forgiveness, manners, happiness, loyalty, morality, and universal love
  2. Social: Appreciation of other cultures and religions, brotherhood, care of environment, citizenship, equality, harmlessness, national awareness, perseverance, respect for property, and social
6.  Ethics
Ethics is the word that refers to morals, values, and beliefs of the individuals, family or the society. The study on ethics helps to know the people’s beliefs, values, and morals, learn the good and bad of them and practice them to maximize their well-being and happiness. It involves the inquiry on the existing situations, form judgments and resolve the issues. In addition, ethics tells us how to live, to respond to issues, through the duties, rights, responsibilities, and obligations.

Professional Values

1. Integrity:
Integrity is defined as the unity of thought, word and deed (honesty) and open mindedness. It includes the capacity to communicate the factual information so that others can make well- informed decisions. It yields the person’s “peace of mind”, and hence adds strength and consistency in character, decisions, and actions. This paves way to one’s success. It is one of the self-direction virtues. It enthuse people not only to execute a job well but to achieve excellence in performance. It helps them to own the responsibility and earn self-respect and recognition by doing the job. Integrity is the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles; moral uprightness. It is generally a personal choice to uphold oneself to consistently moral and ethical standards.
2. Credibility& Responsibility:
The obligation of an individual or organization to account for its activities, accept responsibility for the demand to disclose the results in a transparent manner. It also includes the responsibility for money or other entrusted property.
3. Loyalty:
Loyalty is faithfulness or a devotion to a person, country, group, or cause. Philosophers disagree on what can be an object of loyalty as some argue that loyalty is strictly interpersonal and only other human beings can be the object of loyalty.
4. Commitment:
Commitment means alignment to goals and adherence to ethical principles during the activities. One should have the conviction without an iota of doubt that one will succeed. Holding sustained interest and firmness, in whatever ethical means one follows, with the fervent attitude and hope that one will achieve the goals, is commitment. It is the driving force to realize success. This is a basic requirement for any profession. The commitment of top management will naturally lead to committed employees, whatever may be their position or emoluments. This is bound to add wealth to oneself, one’s employer, society, and the nation at large. Target oriented efforts are put to reap efficiency.
5. Attitude:
It is a psychological construct, a mental and emotional entity that inheres in, or characterizes a person. They are complex and an acquired state through experiences. Attitudes is the most distinctive and indispensable concept in present day. Attitude can be formed from a person’s past and present. Key topics in the study of attitudes include attitude measurement, attitude change, consumer behaviour, and attitude-behaviour relationships. Positive attitude people are most successful in their life. One should develop such attitude which provides synergy and satisfaction in their day to day life. Positive Mental Attitude (PMA) characterizes faith, integrity, hope, optimism, courage, initiative, generosity, tolerance, tact, kindliness and good common sense.
6. Valuing Time:
Time is rare resource. Once it is spent, it is lost forever. It cannot be either stored or recovered. Hence, time is the most perishable and most valuable resource too. This resource is continuously spent, whether any decision or action is taken or not. The history of great reformers and innovators has stressed the importance of time and valuing time. The proverbs “Time and tide wait for nobody” and “Procrastination is the thief of time”. Time management is the key to increase effectiveness, efficiency or productivity.
7. Passion:
Passion is a feeling of intense enthusiasm towards or compelling desire for completion of the work. Passion defines performance enhancing aspects and work enjoyment. When an individual is passionate about their occupation they tend to work more resulting in more work satisfaction.
8. Identifying :
one’s role in larger picture Cultivating the skill of big picture thinking is important. When one maintains big picture it allows one to Lead, keeps one on target, promotes teamwork, gain insight from different people and makes one ready for the change

Professional Ethics towards legal profession :

Bar Council Of India Rules Bar Council of India has framed the rules under part VI of chapter II dealing with the standard of professional conduct of lawyers. This chapter state 39 rules or duties of the lawyer against court, client, opponent etc. Lawyers Duty towards Court Duties of Advocates to courts are:
  • to maintain a respectful attitude and dignity towards courts.
  • not to impact on the decision of a court by any unlawful or inappropriate means.
  • use his best effort to avoid his client from doing unfair practices.
  • to appear in the court in the prescribed dress, and a presentable manner.
  • to wear bands or gown in courts only or ceremonial occasions and not in public places.
  • not to plead in any matter in which he is himself interested.
  • if he is a member of the any Executive Committee of organization or corporation than he cannot appear in or before any court or any other authority or represent the case of that organization.
Lawyers duty towards client Duties of Advocate to the client are:  once accepted than cannot withdraw from actions or engagements, without appropriate cause.
  • should not accept and appear in a case in which he has reason to believe that he will be a witness.
  • to make full disclosure against his connection with the parties or interest before the commencement of engagements or during the process.
  • support the interests of his client by all moral means.
  • not to overpower any material or evidence, which shall prove the innocence of the accused.
  • not to reveal the communications or talk made by his client to him.
  • not to charge for his services depending on the success of the matter taken.
  • does not adjust fee payable to him by his client against his liability to the client.
  • to keep proper accounts of received money from clients and to provide a copy of statements to clients also and in case of cancellation of proceedings, adjust the fee and cannot make payments in favour of clients or cannot lend money to him for legal proceedings.
Lawyers Duty towards the Opponent An advocate has some responsibilities to opponents, also such as:
  • he cannot communicate or negotiate with any party represented by an advocate except through that Advocate upon the subject matter of conflict.
  • to carry out all valid promises made to the opposite party.
Lawyers Duty towards Colleagues
  • an advocate has an obligation to colleagues that he will not solicit work or advertise, either directly or indirectly. The sign-board or name-plate should be of a reasonable size, and that board will not show that he is a member on bar council or he is or has been president of bar council or he is or has been with some organization or with matters of particular specialization etc.
  • he shall not be allowed to use his name in aid or professional service.
  • when a client can pay the fee than he will not accept a fee lass than taxable under rules.
  • not enter in the appearance of any case in which there is already a memo was filed by an advocate, except with his consent or parties’ consent.